Having access to clean water is an important part of healthy living. Unless you’re living by a spring, chances are you’ll need to filter your water. This is also why getting the right water filter mug is important. When you purchase a quality water filter, you gain a better quality of life. Being aware of what qualities define a great water filter mug is necessary to know.
How Water Filters Work
Water filters have two ways of working. Depending on the techniques used, you get varied results. Physical filtration removes particles from water with a barrier. Chemical filtration removes impurities from water by changing the chemical composition of the water. Biological filtration removes impurities from water through ion exchange. There are websites that go into more detail about how each of these methods works on a scientific level.
How to Filter Water
The most common way to filter water from the past was just to simply boil water and then letting it cool. However, now there are more types of water filtration systems people can use such as reverse osmosis, activated charcoal, ion exchange and distillation. Each of these techniques uses a mixture of physical, biological and chemical filtration to remove particles from water.
While these techniques may remove most impurities from water, no technique alone can remove impurities from water completely. Depending on how you want to filter water, you can choose what you feel is more beneficial for your own needs.
How Does a Reverse Osmosis Water Filter Work?
One way to remove impurities from water is through reverse osmosis water filters. This method falls under chemical filtration. Osmosis is a process where a concentration tries to create an equilibrium within a solution. For example, more concentrated water will travel to where the less concentrated water is. However, with reverse osmosis is where the opposite happens.
The water goes through a filter, but instead of making the rest of the water more concentrated, it has less concentration than before. That means that the newer concentration of water will have fewer particles than before if reverse osmosis works. Reverse osmosis water filters are attached to sinks in order to function properly.
The water pours straight through a semipermeable membrane to remove particles in order to work. Reverse osmosis water filtering removes from 90% of the particles up to almost 99% of the impurities.
How to Make a Homemade Water Filter
There are a few ways to make a homemade water filter, one way of making a water filter is the activated charcoal method. With this method, you would need to have a jug, empty plastic bottle, a knife, coffee filter, activated charcoal, gravel, and sand. The activated charcoal, gravel, and sand will act as a barrier to filter the water through. This is an example of a physical filtration.
To set up the water filter, you’ll need to cut the bottom end of the plastic bottle to create an opening. Afterward, create a hole in the cap of the bottle. Then place the coffee filter around the nozzle of the bottle to keep the barrier materials from going into the water. Use the cap to keep the coffee filter in place. Soon after, place the bottle at the opening of the jug. Then place the charcoal first. In the end, you can place the gravel and the sand.
How to Use a DIY Water Filter
Using this DIY water filter will not guarantee as much purity of the water compared to the other methods. However, it still works as a way to remove impurities. Once you have the bottle set up to put the water through, just pour water through the sand, gravel, and charcoal. Each of these layers will serve as a barrier removing the larger impurities present in the water. Afterward, boil the water to ensure that the water is free from impurities.
What Do Most Water Filtration Jugs Use?
Most jugs use an activated charcoal filtration system just like the homemade water filters. However, jugs remove more impurities from water because they have to meet a set of requirements. These corporations make sure their filters work as effectively as possible.
How to Choose a Water Filter Best for You
While the cheapest option is using homemade water filters, it does leave more room for error. It doesn’t guarantee as much removal of impurities like jugs or sink attachment systems do. While the activated charcoal method is effective, the most effective type of water filtration system is the reverse osmosis filters. This is because reverse osmosis ensures that there are as little particles possible in the filtered water.
While there are many types of water filters, you can use or even make some have more benefits over others. DIY water filters provide convenience, but it doesn’t necessarily ensure quality. Meanwhile, activated charcoal filters that jugs use are more effective because of the standards they have to meet.
These jugs/mugs are convenient to carry making them just as accessible as DIY filters. However, the jugs do provide cleaner water as you don’t have to boil the water to make sure there aren’t excessive particles in the water. The most effective and least portable type of water filter is a reverse osmosis water filter.
This system ensures that most of the particles are removed from a molecular level. While the other types of filters use physical barriers to remove particles, reverse osmosis filters remove impurities on a larger scale. If you try out any of these methods, feel free to share your experiences with filtering water!